STATE CULTURAL RESERVE OF KERNAVĖ

(KERNAVĖ ARCHAEOLOGICAL SITE)

 
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GOVERNMENT OF THE REPUBLIC OF LITHUANIA

RESOLUTION REGARDING THE APPROVAL OF REGULATIONS OF THE KERNAVĖ STATE CULTURAL RESERVE

No. 1745, 5 November 2002

Acting in compliance with Item 3 of Article 7, Item 6 of Article 27 and Item 4 of Article 31 of the Law on the Protected Arrears of the Republic of Lithuania (Žin. 1993, No. 63-1188; 2001, No. 108-3902), article 6 of the Law on Land of the Republic of Lithuania (Žin. 1994, No. 34-620; 2000, No. 42-1191) and implementing the Resolution of Seimas of the Republic of Lithuania No. IX-982, 20 June 2002 'Concerning Status Change of the State Kernavė Museum of Archaeology and History, Ratification of Change of Buffer Zone Boundaries and Plan of Borders in the State Kernavė Cultural Reserve of (Žin. 2002, Nr. 65-2642), the Government of the Republic of Lithuania has r e s o l v e d:
To approve regulations (attached) of the State Kernavė Cultural Reserve.

 

PRIME MINISTER ALGIRDAS BRAZAUSKAS

MINISTER OF CULTURE ROMA DOVYDĖNIENĖ

Approved by the Government of the Republic of Lithuania
November 5, 2002; Resolution No. 1745

Regulations of the State Kernavė Cultural Reserve

I. General Rules

1. The Board of Ministers of Lithuania established the State Kernavė Cultural Reserve (cultural reserve - further in the text) in 14 December 1987 under the Resolution No. 339 'Concerning Foundation of Museum-Reserve in the State Kernavė Museum of Archaeology and History and Reorganization of Some Regional Museums'. Decree No. 19p, 20 January 1990, of the Board of Ministers of Lithuania approved a border plan for the State Kernavė Museum of Archaeology and History, rendered a site (territory of cultural reserve) for permanent land use and settled buffer zones for the mentioned territory. Resolution of Seimas of the Republic of Lithuania No. IX-982, 20 June 2002 'Concerning Status Change of the State Museum Kernavė of Archaeology and History, Ratification of Change of Buffer Zone Boundaries and Plan of Borders in the State Kernavė Cultural Reserve' changed the previous status and borders of the State Kernavė Museum of Archaeology and History.
2. In order to preserve a territorial complex of cultural heritage objects (properties) in Kernavė together with movable and immovable cultural properties in the territory, to organize steady scientific research, to manage in proper way, to exhibit and to promote them the cultural reserve was established.
3. The Law on the Protected Arrears of the Republic of Lithuania, the Law on Protected Immovable Cultural Properties of the Republic of Lithuania, the Law on Protected Environment of the Republic of Lithuania, the Law on Land of the Republic of Lithuania, the Law on Forestry of the Republic of Lithuania, the Law on Building of the Republic of Lithuania, the Law on Planning Territories of the Republic of Lithuania, the Law on Protected Movable Cultural Properties of the Republic of Lithuania, the Law on Museums of the Republic of Lithuania and other laws, resolutions made by the Seimas of the Republic of Lithuania and the Government of the Republic of Lithuania, other acts of law, these regulations and documents concerning planning of territories regulate activities in cultural reserve, protection and usage of state owned land, protection and management of cultural properties.

II. Structure and Tasks of Cultural Reserve

4. Cultural reserve consists of:
4.1. the territory of the reserve (194,4 ha) including cultural objects (properties) and outdoor exhibition;
4.2. special museum of archaeology and history, which includes collections and exhibits.
5. Cultural reserve is committed:
5.1. to preserve, to administer, to maintain, to exhibit, to visit the territorial complex of cultural properties in Kernavė and uphold the complex authentic;
5.2. to carry on constant scientific research of archaeological and historical properties in the territory of cultural reserve and within its buffer zone;
5.3. to organize museum activities, namely: to collect, to record, to preserve, to conserve, to restore and exhibit museum's collections, which are based on material of permanent archaeological investigations;
5.4. to control economical activities of legal and physical bodies in according to documents on planning of territories and limitations stated in this document;
5.5. to preserve the cultural landscape and restore violated elements of the landscape;
5.6. to promote immovable and movable cultural properties, to create conditions for cognitive and cultural tourism.

III. Protection and Usage of the Territory of Cultural Reserve's

6. Territories of cultural reserve are exclusively owed by the State. Directorate of cultural reserve manages and uses the consigned land.
7. The full complex of cultural properties, which are within the territory of the reserve are protected and used. Namely:
7.1. the immovable properties are:
7.1.1. the Kernavė mound, named as the Altar hill, the Barščiai hill, the Holy hill, A 1469;
7.1.2. the Kernavė mound II, named as the Mindaugas's Thrown, A 1470;
7.1.3. the Kernavė mound III including the settlement, A 1471K: the mound named as the Lizdeika hill, the Smailiakalnis, the Kriveikiškiai mound, A 1471K1; the settlement, A 1471K2;
7.1.4. the Kernavė mound IV, named as the Castle hill, the Garrison hill, the castle's site, A 1472;
7.1.5. the site of Kernavė old town, A 1473;
7.1.6. the site of Kernavė old town II, A 1474;
7.1.7. the Kernavė necropolis, A 1475;
7.1.8. the site of the old Kernavė church, A 1476;
7.1.9. the ancient Kernavė settlement, A 1477;
7.1.10. the Kernavė, Kriveikiškiai mound, A 1478;
7.1.11. the Kriveikiškiai necropolis, A 1479;
7.1.12. the Kriveikiškiai village, A 1480;
7.1.13. the site of the Kernavė, Kriveikiškiai estate, A 1481;
7.1.14. the ancient settlement in Semeniškės, A 1482;
7.1.15. the ancient settlement in Semeniškės II, A 1483;
7.1.16. the wooden chapel, the 18th century; AtV 663;
7.1.17. the stone chapel-mausoleum, the 19th century; AtV 664;
7.1.18. the rectory, 1881; AtV 1094;
7.2. objects, which have characteristics of a movable cultural property:
7.2.1. the first wade through the Neris River;
7.2.2. the second wade through the Neris River;
7.2.3. the site of Kernavė upper old town.
8. Land moving work is restrictive within cultural reserve and economic activities are forbidden.
9. It is allowed within the territory of cultural reserve:
9.1. to carry on scientific research and museum activities and other work, which is related to exhibition of cultural properties;
9.2. to restore territorial complexes and properties of cultural reserve, which are violated by activities;
9.3. to recondition, to investigate, to restore and conserve cultural complexes and properties of the reserve;
9.4. to erect buildings and installations, which are necessary for achieving the goals of cultural reserve;
9.5. to adapt territories, cultural complexes and properties of cultural reserve for visits and shows;
9.6. to use means of transport - only for physical and legal bodies, which live within the buffer zone or to carry on work in cultural reserve; only roads, which are foreseen in the planning scheme of the territory are allowed to maintain;
9.7. to tidy up and lumber the forest according to the planning scheme of the territory of cultural reserve and project of forestry; activities must be legalized by the law;
9.8 to carry on sanitary lumbering of trees and bushes in territories of cultural properties;
9.9. to pasture livestock out of territories of cultural properties;
9.10. to keep safe from fire;
9.11. to encamp and set fireplaces in sites, which are foreseen in the planning scheme of the territory; the activity must not be against Visiting Regulations of the Cultural Reserve, which are adopted by the Ministry of Culture.
10. The territory of cultural reserve and cultural properties within the territory are protected, administered and maintained according to strategic plans, the planning scheme of the territory, typical or individual regulations of protection, including regulations of regional architecture and temporary regulations, which are arranged and approved according to the Law on the Protected Arrears of the Republic of Lithuania, the Law on Planning Territories of the Republic of Lithuania and other laws.
11. The buffer zone is determined in order to isolate the territory of cultural reserve and cultural properties within the territory from any negative influence and secure ecological balance of cultural reserve.
12. The buffer zone of cultural reserve is divided into two sub zones, where different regimes of protection and maintenance are active, namely: a physical impact protection sub zone and a visual protection sub zone.
13. Limited economic activities, which are harmless to cultural properties and their exhibition conditions, which do not increase visual pollution in historical landscape, are allowed in the physical impact protection sub zone of the buffer zone.
14. The physical impact protection sub zone of the buffer zone includes:
14.1. an immovable cultural property - an ancient settlement in Semeniškės II, A 1483;
14.2. objects, which have characteristics of an immovable cultural property:
14.2.1. III Roman Period settlement in Semeniškės;
14.2.2. IV Roman Period settlement in Semeniškės;
14.2.3. V Roman Period settlement in Semeniškės;
14.2.4. VI Roman Period settlement in Semeniškės;
14.2.5. the third wade through the Neris River.
15. The visual protection sub zone of the buffer zone is determined in order to preserve historically settled cultural landscape, urban and natural surroundings of Kernavė along with possibility for limited economic activities and erections, which are carried out in the territory by physical an legal bodies.
16. 1.The visual protection sub zone of the buffer zone includes:
16.1.1. The Latvian, Mitkiškiai mound, named as the Castle hill, A 1181;
16.1.2. the ancient settlement in Mitkiškiai, A 1183;
16.1.3. the site barrows in Kernavė, A 1458;
16.1.4. the stone with 'footmarks of the Christ, the Virgin Mary and the lamb', M 123;
16.2. objects, which have characteristics of an immovable cultural property:
16.2.1. The Stone Age encampment between Kernavė and the Pragarinė Lake;
16.2.2. The cultural layer of the 15-18th centuries in Kernavė;
16.2.3. Old graves in Mitkiškiai;
16.2.4. The site of the ancient forge in Kernavė;
16.2.5. Margins of the line of demarcation between Lithuania and Poland during 1923-1939.
17. Regional Municipalities of Širvintos, Vilnius, Trakai, Kaišiadorys have all rights and duties in the buffer zone of cultural reserve, which are foreseen by the law on Local Self-Government and other laws.
18. Public officials together with cultural reserve officials, which are competent and legally authorized control land usage activities in cultural reserve and its buffer zone conducted by landowners, managers and users.

IV. Administration of Cultural Reserve

19. A budgetary institution, named as Directory of Cultural Reserve (directory further in the text) is in charge of protection of cultural reserve and its rational maintenance together with organizing of all activities. The Ministry of Culture, which had established the directory, confirms its regulations. The directory is a public legal body; it possesses a stamp and a bank account. The director of cultural reserve is in charge of the directory. He is appointed or dismissed by the Minister of Culture of the Republic of Lithuania, who acts in accordance with the laws of public service.
20. The directory assures implementation of tasks, which are mentioned in these regulations, organizes museum activities and archaeological scientific research; according to the law, lays proposals concerning usage of land, forest, waters, cultural objects and infrastructure objects before the Government of the Republic of Lithuania, controls economic and recreational activities of legal and physical bodies in the territory of cultural and reserve and its buffer zone; brings a lawsuits against bodies for violation of these regulations, and the territory of cultural reserve and its buffer zone; acts as contracting authority in preparation of documents, which concern administration, development, planning of infrastructure and protection of the territory of cultural reserve and its buffer zone, cultural heritage and natural properties; according to the law, lays the documents for confirmation; has other rights and duties set by regulations of directory.
21. A deliberative assembly - collegial board is formed up next to the directory; it is in charge of coordination of museum everyday activities, researches and supervision; under the director's presentation, the Minister of Culture confirms its composition and work regulations.

V. Economical Background of Cultural Reserve Activities

22. Finances from the State budget, from support of legal and physical bodies, from international programmes and other legally obtained resources are used to assure missions of cultural reserve, its protection and maintenance.
23. Finances for assurance of cultural reserve mission are used:
23.1. to keep the directory;
23.2 to implement tasks of cultural reserve, foreseen in the regulations;
23.3 to administer, to maintain and exhibit immovable cultural properties, which are within the territory of cultural reserve;
23.4 to preserve movable cultural properties and to develop museum activities;
23.5 to implement scientific research;
23.6 for educational, cognitive, publishing, advertising and representational activities;
23.7. to build, to renovate, to repair and maintain buildings and installation in cultural reserve;
23.8. to develop infrastructure of cultural reserve;
23.9. to implement particularities - eliminate ravages of natural disasters, organize shows of state importance, and participate in activities of national and international organizations and projects;
23.10 to do other essential functions of cultural reserve.

VI. Duties and Responsibility of Legal and Physical Bodies within the Territory of Cultural Reserve and the Buffer Zone

24. Legal and physical bodies within the territory of cultural reserve and the buffer zone must follow limitations, which are foreseen in the Law on the Protected Arrears of the Republic of Lithuania, the Law on Protected Immovable Cultural Properties of the Republic of Lithuania, the Law on Protected Movable Cultural Properties of the Republic of Lithuania, the Law on Land of the Republic of Lithuania, other laws, Specific Terms of Usage of Land and Forest (confirmed by the resolution of the Government of the Republic of Lithuania, 12 May 1992, No. 343, Žin., 1992, No. 22-652); agreements of protection (concerning limitations of activities, specific usage terms of land, forest, and waters), which are made up by owners and managers of land, forest or waters; and other legal notes and these regulations.
25. Physical and legal bodies, which violate requirements of the regulations are arraigned according to the laws of the Republic of Lithuania
.